Succulents are those plants which have on the one or other manner, the ability to water (moisture) to store in special tissues. Stem Succulents do that in a thickened stem or trunk (most cacti and euphorbias), leaf succulents do that thickened leaves (Crasulla, Echeveria, Agave) and root succulents do that, of course, in their underground parts (pterocactus tuberosus).
All cacti are the catusfamilie (Cactaceae). The cacti do not we call usually succulents, although we actually sapplanten should say, to come in diverse families like the midday flower family, dikbladfamilie (Crasullaceae), the milkweed family and the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
they can be found all over the world. Many think that they all come from arid desert areas, but sometimes they are more precipitation in places each year than in Belgium. However, this precipitate is then in a relatively short period of time, in which these plants take up water sufficient to overcome the next period of drought.
All cacti come from America. They come for Canada to Argentina and Chile, from the high mountains to sea level. It is obvious that within such a range there are huge differences in climatic conditions and soil conditions. The cacti are found, are all introduced in other areas (Mediterranean).
Also, many succulents come from the new world, Agave, Echeveria, Lewisia Dudleya and to name a few. Africa gives us the afternoon flowers, many aasbloemen, aloe species and euphorbia species. Asia and Australia provide only a few species.
A sunny windowsill or bay windows offer a good location for cacti and succulents. As much light is needed is a location on the south, southeast or southwest is the ideal solution.
A small part of the succulents are hardy and can therefore be used in the garden. Many enthusiasts put their cacti and succulents greater during the summer in the garden between the border plants or on the balcony.
But if true enthusiast who has the place for it, is a conservatory natural place to accommodate his or her collection.
Most cacti and succulents much aware of their growing season in our summer. This means that gradually gets going growth during the spring months. The main growth is in the summer, sometimes with a short break in the heat of the summer, and then gradually less and finally stopped in late autumn and winter. The hibernation is essential for most plants. They have plenty to a temperature of 6 to 8 ° C. Many species tolerate even lower temperatures, if they are dry enough, other species such as Melocactus and uebelmannia must again have higher temperatures around 15 to 18 ° C.
The following combinations of factors always belong together:
Giving water is one of the hardest things in the cactus hobby. Here are a few tips:
In nature, plants can freely develop their roots. They go in all directions in search of food, even as they grow they have sufficient opportunities in crevices to find food.
However, in a pot, the roots can not get away so that they completely fill the pot after a time or even grow. Moreover, it will become saturated the ground after some time lime or fertilizer residues.
In principle, all year round, even in winter, but the soil should be dry and have the same temperature as the old ground. The best period is from March to September. But never transplanted plants are in bloom. I transplanted myself if I have the time for it.
The cuttings of cacti and succulents is generally very simple. Cuttings it does best in warm, dry weather. With cacti and succulents that form side shoots can be cut off as a shoot with a sharp knife, often they already have roots, and then planted in a spot basis. Certainly not in water because they rot away guaranteed.
When you create a wound, you should let it dry up first has formed a wound tissue. If the site is dry enough, you can hoard it.
Certainly not pour if a site has only hoarded.
If the plant looks tense and new growth occurs is rooted to the spot and you can drench him again and he can tolerate some food. Succulents can even grow a blade that you simply lay on the ground. And in my greenhouse, they even grow in the dirt between the grates on the bottom of the corridor. You see, everything has apparently not so sterile. If the plants are very strong and healthy enough.
To quickly more plants you can cut the head of a larger plant and have it rooted. The remaining piece will be formed shoots that can cuttings later.