Succulents are those plants that in some way have the ability to store water (moisture) in special tissues. Stem succulents do that in a thickened stem or stem (most cacti and Euphorbia's), do leafy succulents that do in thickened leaves (Crasulla, Echeveria, Agave) and root succulents that of course in their underground parts (Pterocactus tuberosus).
All cacti are the catus family (Cactaceae). The non-cactus species are usually called succulents, although we should say sapplant plants, these are found in various families such as the afternoon flower family, the thick-leaf family (Crasullaceae), the silkworm family and the wolf-milk family (Euphorbiaceae).
All over the world they can be found. Many think that they all come from dry desert areas, but sometimes they are in places where precipitation is more pronounced than in Belgium. However, this precipitation falls over a relatively short period in which these plants absorb sufficient water to overcome the next drought period.
All cacti are from America. They range from Canada to Argentina and Chile, from high mountain to sea level. It may be clear that within such a distribution area there are enormous differences in climatic conditions and soil conditions. The cacti found in other areas (Mediterranean) have all been introduced.
Also many fat plants come from the new world, Agave, Echeveria, Dudleya and Lewisia to name a few. Africa supplies us the afternoon flowers, many ace-flowers, Aloe-like and wolf-milky meadows. Asia and Australia supply only a few species.
A sunny window sill or bay window provides a good place for cacti and succulents. Because much light is needed, a south, southeast or southwest location is the ideal solution.
A small part of the succulents is hardy and can therefore be used in the garden. Many lovers put their cacti and larger fat plants in the garden between the border plants or on the balcony during the summer.
But as a true lover, who has the place for it, a conservatory is of course the place to bring his or her collection.
Most cacti and many fat plants know their growing season in our summer. This means that growth in the spring months will start to grow. The main growth is then in the summer months, sometimes with a short rest period in the hottest of summer, and then slowly decreases and finally it is quiet in late autumn and winter. The winter rest is essential for most plants. They are then sufficient to have a temperature of 6 to 8 ° C. Many species tolerate even lower temperatures, if they are sufficiently dry, other species such as Melocactus and Uebelmannia should then have higher temperatures around 15 to 18 ° C.
The following combinations of factors always belong together:
Watering is one of the hardest things in the cactus affair. Here are some tips:
In nature, the plants can develop their roots unhindered. They are looking for food in all directions, even if they grow into slits they still have enough opportunities to find food.
In a pot, however, the roots can not leave so that they completely fill or even grow the pot after a while. In addition, the soil will eventually become saturated with lime or residues of fertilizers.
In principle, this can be done all year long, even in winter, but then the soil must be dry and have the same temperature as the old soil. However, the best period is from March to September. Never plant plants in bloom. I myself transform when I have time for it.
Cutting and cuttings are generally very simple. Stitches are best done in warm and dry weather. With cacti and succulents that form side shoots, one can cut a shot with a sharp knife, often they already have roots, and are planted in a stinging ground. Certainly not in water because then they safely rotten away.
When you have made a wound you must first wipe it until a wound is formed. If the stek is sufficiently dry, you can then pick it up.
Definitely do not cook if a cookie has just been cooked.
If the plant looks tense and new growth occurs, the roast is roasted and you can rehearse it and can also tolerate some nutrition. Fat plants can even grow from a leaf just laying on the ground. And in my conservatory they even grow in the dirt between the grids on the bottom of the hallway. You see, everything must apparently not be so sterile. If the plants are strong and healthy enough.
To get more plants quickly, you can cut off the head of a larger plant and cause it to rot. On the remaining piece, shoots will be formed that you can later strike.