Literally translated Bonsai: tree in pot. Bon stands for plant, and "sai" can be translated with dish or pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree.
A bonsai ist tries living plant material to create a reduced image of an old tree or landscape in nature. Compare it to a painter or a sculptor, the one trying to paint an impression to capture a landscape, the other does this example with a piece of wood, the whole is a living work of art.
Even before the beginning of our era Chinese monks saw the beauty of nature remained small trees here and knew too large forces to it. If they image carrier of the mountainous surroundings, the trees took it home and they grew further in pots. Later also used other species, thus creating a breeding and culture shape one Bonsai has become known. In China Bonsai until today named a widespread hobby and Penjing.
Both in Japan and in Korea there is a long history on Bonsai. From China Penjing is introduced in these countries and raised with own perception to bonsai with many new techniques have been developed.
Europe Bonsai is only introduced in the 20th century. This happened over and always shows the entry of China or Japan. The bonsai as a hobby after 50 years in Europe. Just come for a year or 20 bonsai and horticultural product emerging and now not indispensable.
Your Bonsai is grown in southern China and is accustomed to an annual temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. Therefore it is ideal to get indoors. If the outside temperature exceeds 12 degrees Celsius can Bonsai very good estates. Bonsai need light to grow well. Place your Bonsai also in a bright place, possibly with some direct sunlight. do not allow your tree all day standing in direct sunlight.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry out and if it persists too long to dry out the sap of the leaves. Too much water will cause the roots to the scale rot and weaken the tree. Submit Bonsai water when the soil begins to dry and wait has absorbed water to the next watering the tree (at a normal pitch is that approximately every two days). Always make sure that the root ball well soaks, excess water runs through the bottom of the pot again.
Each Bonsai needs certain substances in order to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai Food that you can obtain from us. Solid food press into the ground and dissolves with the watering. Best known as solid food is Biogold, take the largest size of the pot in cm, this is the maximum dose of the number of grains which is pressed into the earth. Liquid diet, mix with the irrigation water. Handle the dosage as indicated on the package. You can also use normal plant fertilizer, please keep it to adjust note the dose to 60%. Your Bonsai grows throughout the year and therefore needs all year round feeding.
Thanks to the good breeding this Bonsai in perfect balance. The amount of roots and leaves relate excellent and also the scale is chosen with care. After a few years (we recommend around three years) healthy growth will pinch the roots in the pot and the Bonsai should be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. Repotting is best done in the spring. Remove the tree from its pot and comb gently loosen the roots. You can then prune 30% of the roots. For a good rejuvenation thicker roots away. Thereafter Bonsai can back into his shell. Put some good loose soil, possibly mixed with sharp sand, at the bottom of the jar and place the tree to this. You can then fill the bowl with the same new soil mixture.
Akadama is a clay granulate and particularly suitable for Bonsai. This soil provides good moisture in the pot, has a neutral pH and does not contain too many nutrients. The earth can be 100%, or be used in admixture with potting soil to 50%. Kiryu is a rock that gives extra good drainage in the bonsai pot. It is particularly suitable for mixing with Akadama for Bonsai species keep feet dry as Pinus, Picea and Juniperus. The maximum ratio is 50 Kiryu.
A healthy Bonsai has little to no burden of disease and pests. There could possibly louse or spins come in. Luis can be identified by the adhesive-like drops and spins gives the blade a light speckled pale color. To prevent aphids and spider mites, you should ensure that your bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents any deterioration by fungi such as powdery mildew. In any garden center you can buy to combat above adequate resources.
Each tree has a natural tendency to grow at the ends and repelling the oldest leaves or needles inside. For a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai you need to break this trend. This can be very easy to cut through the tip growth. Bonsai that you have purchased has the proper shape and size and therefore need only be maintained. All shoots that come out, you can remove the silhouette of the tree. Also all the shoots on the branches should be pruned to grow downwards or upwards. This will keep the bonsai healthy and in good model. All the necessary tools you will find on our site.
Young branches grow naturally upward and bend only in the course of time. Of your bonsai branches are bent down in order to give the image of an old tree again. You can shape your Bonsai or further adjusted by means of wiring. When the branches is at 45 degrees wound with wire of the appropriate thickness that they can be bent in any desired shape. After some time, the branch will continue to thicken and be tight in the thread. This is the appropriate time to remove the thread again